The basic philosophy of the Indonesian state is none other than Pancasila (The Five Principles). This is in harmony with its name derived from Sanskrit, panca , meaning five, and sila means principle or precepts . The five Principles/Precepts are contained in the preamble of the 1945 Constitution which is the source of all sources of law. Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution are referred to as the identity of the Indonesian nation along with the motto “Unity in Diversity”.
The Speech by Ir. Soekarno on June 1, 1945, at a meeting of the Indonesian Preparatory Agency for the Preparation of Indonesian Independence (BPUPKI) received a festive reception and became the forerunner of the state of Indonesia, namely Pancasila. He argued that Indonesia needs the guidance of life as a nation and state as other countries that have been independent. At that time, Soekarno offered five aspects, namely Indonesian nationality, humanity, consensus, social welfare, and the divinity of the One Supreme God.
President Joko Widodo clearly stated in a speech at the Pancasila birthday ceremony in the Pancasila Building yard of the Foreign Ministry (Kemenlu) complex on Thursday (1/6), “I invite the active role of scholars, clerics, priests, pastors, monks, , educators, culturalists, artists, media actors, TNI (Armed Forces) and Polri (Indonesian National Police) and all components of society to jointly defend Pancasila. The understanding and practice of Pancasila must be continuously improved. Religious lectures, educational materials, news focus, and debates on social media should be part of the deepening and the practice of Pancasila values. ”
President Jokowi clearly stated that educators should play an active role in maintaining Pancasila through educational materials that deepen the values of Pancasila. Thus, educational institutions such as universities are obliged to accommodate and encourage the academic community to practise the values of Pancasila in everyday life and college. The educational environment has a big share in instilling Pancasila into one’s soul. Therefore, educational institutions are the second place (after the family) for an individual to learn and spend a third of his/her days.
Through Presidential Decree No. 24 of 2016 concerning the Birth of Pancasila, President Jokowi set the date of June 1, 1945 as the Birthday of Pancasila and this must be commemorated every year. Since then, June 1 has been designated as a national holiday. In the early days of the New Order, the June 1st anniversary was abolished. However, the government then set October 1 as the Might of Pancasila Day.
On Thursday (1/6), Parahyangan Catholic University (Unpar) held a ceremony on the birthday of Pancasila in the front yard of Unpar Rectorate. Vice Rector for Human Capital and Student Affairs Unpar Dr. Paulus Sukapto representing the Rector of Unpar Mangadar Situmorang, Ph.D. stated, “All members of Unpar’s academic community warmly welcomed the presidential decree and the ranks of the Directorate General of Belmawa with a noble purpose, namely reaffirming the shared commitment to the basic values that became the main foundation of the state and nation of Indonesia, and also the basic framework of the whole process of national development in the country.”
The Vice Rector added that the attitude of putting meaning to the values of Pancasila, such as piety and the belief in God, having respect for humanity, maintaining unity and integrity of Indonesia, majoring deliberation, and upholding justice must be seriously enforced. Unpar supports national development through the implementation of the three responsibilities of Higher Education, as manifested in the spirituality and the basic values of Unpar (Sindu) and Pancasila.
In an effort to nurture the values of Pancasila in the institution and show commitment as a university that upholds the spirit of diversity, Unpar has aPancasila Study Center which was established on February 15, 2017. Unpar also offers Pancasila Education and Citizenship courses, each with two units of credit Semester (SKS). This is in line with Law Number 12 of 2012 concerning Higher Education which requires universities to offer Pancasila courses.
From its inception, Unpar has declared itself based on Pancasila embodied in the founding ideals, the teachings of the Catholic Church, and local wisdom of the Parahyangan. In its development, Unpar grows and develops with a spirit of openness and diversity with respect to holistic humanity (humanum). Thus, Unpar’s vision is to become a humane academic community that strives for local values to the global level in order to enhance human dignity and the integrity of the world of creation.
Source: KOMPAS – Griya Ilmu (Tuesday, June 6, 2017)