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Bhinneka Tunggal Ika

Plurality is a given fact; it is an unrejected, unavoidable and undeniable truth. Plurality can become a blessing as well as a threat. True identity can only be discovered within the differences yielded by diversity. Like a flower garden with multi-colored and different kinds of flower doesn’t diminish the beauty of particularly colored flower. Living in diversity is filled with the spirit of pluralism, not exclusivism or inclusivism. Exclusivism sees the truth as only one of its beliefs that mean others are wrong. Inclusivism has a nuance of monopolistic self-truth; others may be true but the truest is itself. Meanwhile, pluralism understands multiple truths. Diversity of truth is accepted as a given creation of God. Therefore, we can say that diversity is a divine truth.

Pluralism sees truth in correlational as well as dualistic ways, meaning that reality is approached with a noncontradictive dualism but complementary, not either/or but both-and. The approach is imperative categoristic (totally binding). For example the balance between rationality, spirituality, intellectual-spiritual, body-soul, physical-spiritual and humanistic-religious, Faith and reason (fides et ratio)

Furthermore, diversity requires authentic and unique truth. Authentic means that appreciation comes from within ourselves, neither dogmatic, doctrinal nor immersive and it dissolves in public opinion. Unique means that every individual has a special identity. In addition, pluralism heeds the principles of mutual understanding, tolerance, and dialogue. Pluralism admits that every individual is meaningful and possesses limitless value; therefore, pluralism upholds principles of mutual understanding, comprehending instead of antagonizing, and tolerance. Dialogue means the readiness to be corrected, and the willingness to admit one’s fault and being open to changes.

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